Plan de travail 5 Plan de travail 2 Plan de travail 6

In today’s Europe, challenged by unprecedented migratory flows and with the rise of nationalism not only along borders but also inside countries, minorities have been forced into ghettos where they are cut off, as if they were wounds, needing to be healed and prevented from infecting the immediate environment.

In 2019, Europe had more than 11 million members of Roma and Sinti communities, a number equivalent to the entire population of Belgium. But Roma communities suffer systematic discrimination. In June 2021 in the Czech Republic, a Roma man died when police officers knelt on his neck. In November 2021 in Greece, a little Roma girl was crushed by a gate, and died after more than an hour while passers-by simply looked the other way. According to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in its second survey on minorities and discrimination (EU-MIDIS II), 80% of Roma people are at risk of poverty. The same survey reported that Roma people formed the largest minority in Europe, and suffered more discrimination than other groups.

In the city of Plovdiv in Bulgaria is Stolipinovo, the largest Gypsy ghetto in Europe. In the Communist era, it was an ordinary neighborhood, but became a ghetto after the fall of Communism and with the privatization of industry when Gypsies lost their jobs because of discrimination. Today, the people of Stolipinovo (approximately 80,000 according to the European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity) are social outcasts rejected by the Bulgarians living in Plovdiv.

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