French Ministry of Culture production grant for female photojournalists
In India every year thousands of women working on sugarcane plantations have unnecessary hysterectomies. The practice first began in the 1990s as a profit-making venture for private doctors who, when consulted for common health problems, led some women to believe that they needed to have their uterus removed. With surgery conducted in private clinics, the operation can cost as much as $700, a fortune for the women concerned. These female farm workers are a perfect target, their labor being part of the informal economy, meaning they have no protection by law, thus leaving them open to abuse and exploitation.